Manuscript types accepted

–Original articles: of 3000-5000 words excluding references, abstract, tables, illustrations. The paper should be structured to include an abstract, background, objectives, methods, results, discussion, conclusions, and references. In most cases the structure should be:

  • –Abstract – structured abstract of no more than 200 words
  • –Background – describing the problem/issue the study seeks to address incorporating a review of the international literature
  • –Objectives – a clear description of the aims of the study
  • –Methods – describing research tools/processes use
  • –Results – a brief summary of main results with figures where appropriate
  • –Discussion – provide an interpretation of your findings in light of what is already known about the subject and explain how the study moves the subject forward from what is presented in the background section of your manuscript
  • –Conclusions – primary conclusions and their implications, suggesting areas for further investigation if appropriate
  • –References


–Review articles: up to 10,000 words including references, abstract, tables, illustrations and key messages; subject to peer review.

Other items: such as letters, short reports, brief news items and book reviews

All manuscripts must include keywords and key messages. If reporting a survey, a copy of the questionnaire should be supplied as part of the appendices.

Keywords – No less than 4 and up to 10 keywords should be provided during the submission. These should be selected from MESH headings available at